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  • Former U.S. Special Envoy for Sudans Princeton Lyman-still pushing expedient, mendacious claims about Khartoum regime


    Eric Reeves  |  May 6, 2017  |

    If anyone thought that the views expressed by former Special Envoy for the Sudans in December 2011-arguing that the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime is capable of "carrying out reform via constitutional democratic measures"-might have been chastened by the dramatic increase in domestic repression in Sudan, as well as continuing genocide in Darfur, the Nuba Mountains, and Blue Nile, they would have been sadly mistaken, as Sudan Tribune has recently reported:

    Human Rights Watch calls to delay revocation of Sudan sanctions, Sudan Tribune, May 3, 2017 | Khartoum |

    Rights groups and defenders regret that the process does not include human rights situation and focus mainly on counterterrorism cooperation, humanitarian situation and other regional security matters including South Sudan. "Sudan has a long record of demonstrating disregard for the most basic human rights," said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch, before to call for the delay of sanctions' revocation. "The U.S. should delay any final decision about revoking sanctions, and take more time to insist on tangible improvements in human rights," she said in a statement issued on Wednesday...

  • The Massive Hypocrisy of President Trump on Refugee Issues Should Not Obscure Europe's


    Eric Reeves | May 5, 2017  |

    The disgusting xenophobia and massive hypocrisy of the Trump administration in responding to the world's refugee crisis should not obscure just how appalling Europe has become in responding to refugee issues. The hypocrisy is on full display in a dispatch today from Radio Dabanga:

    UN, EU call for protection of journalists on World Press Freedom Day

    Radio Dabanga, May 4, 2017 | NEW YORK / BRUSSELS

    "By facilitating the free flow of quality and well-researched information on matters of public interest, and by acting as the ‘public's watchdog,' independent media are the basis of a participatory democracy..." | EU High Representative Frederica Mogherini


    EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini

    What disgusting hypocrisy! Mogherini was named by Germany's Der Spiegel one year ago as declaring her support for a project will strengthen the repressive hand of the brutal Khartoum regime:

    "Europe want[s] to send cameras, scanners and servers for registering refugees to the Sudanese regime in addition to training their border police and assisting with the construction of two camps with detention rooms for migrants. The German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development has confirmed that action plan is binding..."

    Was Mogherini aware that this assistance would essentially be assistance to the National Intelligence and Security Services?  and thus a deal with the devil in stanching the flow of African migrants to Europe?

    "The ambassadors of the 28 European Union member states had agreed to secrecy. ‘Under no circumstances should the public learn what was said at the talks that took place on March 23rd, the European Commission warned during the meeting of the Permanent Representatives Committee. A staff member of EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini even warned that Europe's reputation could be at stake."

    So much for "facilitating the free flow of quality and well-researched information on matters of public interest."

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    Eric Reeves, Senior Fellow at Harvard University's François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights



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  • Steps in the dismantling of Darfur's IDP camps

    Eric Reeves | May 4, 2017
    Another brutal threat from elements of Darfur's "militia state": where is UNAMID? Why has there been no condemnation by the international "community" of this extortionate tactic, part of Khartoum's larger ambition of dismantling the camps for displaced persons?
    Gunmen threaten to torch South Darfur camp Radio Dabanga, May 3 ​, ​ 2017 | MERSHING, SOUTH DARFUR
    Militants have threatened to storm and torch Keila Camp in Mershing locality in South Darfur unless the inhabitants pay compensation for livestock the gunmen claim to have lost. One of the displaced residents of the camp told Radio Dabanga that they sought help of the locality police, but the militants threatened the police and gave the displaced an ultimatum until Saturday to return 40 cattle or the cash equivalent, or they would pillage and burn the camp.
    [This is now a common tactic of extortion directed against helpless displaced populations in Darfur by Arab militia elements; such extortionate actions are gross violations of international humanitarian law, and Khartoum does nothing to stop them, and may well be encouraging them as part of a long-announced ambition to dismantle the IDP camps-ER]
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    -- Eric Reeves, Senior Fellow at Harvard University's François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights Twitter@SudanReeves About Eric Reeves: Philanthropy:

  • Violent Mortality in the Darfur Genocide: A matter of international indifference and prevarication---and shame


    Eric Reeves | April 28, 2017  |

    Extant data from a range of sources, as well as reports, analyses and limited surveys, make clear that more than 600,000 people have died, directly or indirectly, from the violence orchestrated by the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime in Khartoum over the past 14 years of genocidal counter-insurgency in Darfur. The victims are overwhelming from the non-Arab/African tribal groups of Darfur, although there has been substantial concomitant violent mortality among some Arab tribal groups, primarily a result of inter-tribal violence.

    More than a decade ago Khartoum made the reporting of mortality data by the UN a forbidden activity for both the UN and International Nongovernmental Humanitarian Organizations (INGOs): mortality data collection could result in threats of violence or expulsion against those collecting or promulgating data. This fact was conveyed to me directly by the senior UN official overseeing the last collection of data in Darfur, Dr. David Nabarro of the UN's World Health Organization (2005 - 2006). It is for this reason that former head of UN humanitarian operations, John Holmes, was obliged in a press conference in April 2008 to offer an extrapolation from the data that Nabarro's team had been able to collect in earlier years:

  • "Darfur, the Most ‘Successful' Genocide in a Century"


    The Huffington Post, April 21, 2017 |

    The Darfur region of western Sudan has been recognized since 2004 as the site of genocide since 2004 by dozens of political officials and bodies (including the U.S. Congress and the EU Parliament), human rights groups, a wide range of genocide and human rights scholars, and such commemorative bodies as the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and Vad Yashem in Israel. Senator, candidate, and President Obama not only declared that genocide was occurring in Darfur but campaigned on the issue in 2008, referring to the Darfur genocide as a "stain on our souls." Indeed.

    This judgments should hardly have been surprising. The annihilating character of attacks on non-Arab/African civilians and villages in Darfur; the systematic denial of humanitarian aid to these ethnic populations; and the pointed pronouncements of various officials and proxies of the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime-all made "genocide" the inevitable characterization. Only political diffidence or disingenuousness kept the characterization from being universally accepted.

  • Darfur, Now the Most “Successful” Genocide in a Century---and "on our watch"

    The region’s increasingly powerful “militia state” marks the victorious culmination of fourteen years of ethnically-targeted violence and destruction

    Eric Reeves  |  April 17, 2017  |

    Two dispatches over this past weekend offer powerful insight into the the final form of the Darfur genocide—recognized as such since 2004 by dozens of political officials and bodies (including the U.S. Congress and the EU Parliament), human rights groups, a wide range of genocide and human rights scholars, and such commemorative bodies as the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and Vad Yashem in Israel (for an extensive but still partial list of those declaring Darfur to be the site of genocide, see |


    Darfur in 2005: a searing, iconic photograph taken by Brian Steidle, a military observer with the feeble African Union Mission in Darfur, the predecessor to UNAMID

  • A Permanent Lifting of U.S. Sanctions on Khartoum?

    An interim assessment of Darfur, based on the two key terms stipulated by the Obama administration: improvement of humanitarian access and ending organized military violence and aerial bombardment

    Eric Reeves | April 8, 2017 |

    President Barack Obama provisionally lifted U.S. economic sanctions on the Khartoum regime by Executive Order on January 13, 2017; Obama cited “positive actions” and his UN Ambassador Samantha Power went so far as to declare that there had been a “sea change” of improvement in humanitarian access in Sudan. These sanctions were first imposed on the regime in 1997 and strengthened during the administration of President George W. Bush.

    The Obama Executive Order stipulated the conditions for a permanent lifting of economic sanctions, which are essentially twofold:

  • Border Control from Hell: How the EU's migration partnership legitimizes Sudan's "militia state"


    The Enough Project | April 5, 2017 [by Suliman Baldo]

    Today, the Enough Project released a new report, "Border Control from Hell: How the EU's Migration Partnership Legitimizes Sudan's "Militia State." This report, authored by Senior Advisor Suliman Baldo, details how the European Union's (EU) partnership with the Sudanese regime as part of a migration management program strengthens the capacities of the country's security and law enforcement agencies, including the notorious Rapid Support Forces (RSF).


    The RSF is a paramilitary group, now branded a ‘border force,' that has its origins in the Janjaweed militia that carried out the genocidal counterinsurgency policy of the Sudanese regime in Darfur that began in 2003. In recent years, the RSF has been transformed, re-armed, and re-branded by the government, from this genocidal militia deployed in Sudan's Darfur region, into a national counterinsurgency force under the command of the country's notoriously abusive intelligence services and was more recently integrated into Sudan's national army, with direct command line to the presidency.

    In the last few years, Europe has witnessed a large-scale influx of migrants from many countries, including those in the Horn of Africa. This massive migration has created a paradigm shift in the ties between the EU and the government of Sudan, drawing both entities closer. Within this partnership, the EU will assist the RSF and other relevant agencies with the construction of two camps with detention facilities for migrants. The EU has disbursed millions of euros to the Sudanese government for technical equipment and training. This funding, in theory, is geared toward stemming the flow of migrants to Europe from Sudan and the Horn of Africa, as well as migrants from countries in sub-Saharan Africa who transit through Sudan.

  • Famine in South Sudan Should not Obscure Urgent Food Crisis in Sudan


    Eric Reeves  |  April 4, 2017  |

    Impending famine in South Sudan is major news, and has been reported in appropriately urgent fashion, including several recent stories in the New York Times, as well as by a number of other important news organizations. South Sudan has a population of approximately 12 million.

    Almost entirely unreported are the many locations in Sudan, with a population of almost 40 million, where there are severe food shortages, where malnutrition indicators are skyrocketing, and where famine also threatens in some locations. These food shortages have been deliberately engineered by the governing National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime in Khartoum. This is the same regime that was responsible for major famines in South Sudan during the long civil war (1983 - 2005), including the infamous famine of 1998 (see Human Rights Watch, 1998).


    Famine in South Sudan, 1998

    For over a decade, a grim "genocide by attrition" has been a critical weapon in the broader genocidal counter-insurgency conducted by Khartoum against rebel forces in the Darfur region-once itself a major news story, but now completely unreported by Western news sources, despite extraordinary levels of violence and severe deprivation.

  • A Clearer View of What Lies Behind Obama Administration Lifting of Sanctions on the Khartoum Regime


    Eric Reeves | March 27, 2017 |

    If we needed any confirmation of the supremely callous quid pro quo between Khartoum and the U.S intelligence community under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, it comes today in the form of a dispatch from Sudan Tribune (see below). The dispatch confirms that the Obama administration, during its last week in power, agreed to lift U.S. economic sanctions on the genocidal Khartoum regime-ignoring the putative "requirements" for such an action-this in exchange for whatever scraps of counter-terrorism intelligence this brutal regime is willing to disgorge.

    There has been no improvement in humanitarian access in Darfur or Blue Nile or South Kordofan, one of the key U.S.-stipulated requirements for lifting sanctions. And yet the Obama administration ambassador to the UN, Samantha Power, declared at the time of the sanctions decision that there had been a "sea change" of improvement in humanitarian access, a falsehood that even the U.S. State Department acknowledges as such. Military offensive action had diminished by January, but was hardly halted in the contested regions; and the Jebel Marra offensive that effectively ended rebel resistance in Darfur extended well beyond the July 2016 "look-back" period during which Khartoum has been credited with ending offensive military activity.